Research 2010

mouse

Studies of transgenic mice

KO mice

• Phenotype the SACS KO mice using the following instruments: Rotarod, Micro CT, Grip- strenght, Open-field test.
• Continue the histological analysis of the SACS KO : DRG, muscles, retina, sciatic and optic nerves.
• Test different neuronal modifications.
• Build capacity for therapeutic trials on the mice.

KI mice

Establish the colony of knock-in R272C mice.

• Start clinical, histolocal, protein and electrophysiological analyses.

Organotypic models of the hyppocampus and cerebellum

• Optimize organotypic cultures of hyppocampus and cerebellum from provenant sacsin KO mice.
• Examine the anatomical changes and the electrical activity of the neurons in the organotypic cultures of the hyppocampus and the cerebellum of the KO mice.
• Induce a knock-down using a virus to determine the effects on the functions and the neuronal development.
• Arrange the transfer of transgenic mice with GFP in the membrane of the Purkinje cells to mate with the sacsin KO mice.
• Establish the link at the anatomical and electrophysiological level between the sacsin and the Angelmann syndrome and more specifically the role of N+H+ NHE6 exchanger.

Publications

• Article under the supervision of Dr. Brais and describing the repertoire of mutations in the SACS gene in the Quebecois cases of ARSACS to be tabled in Fall 2010.
• Article on the biology of the sacsin cell, under the supervision of Dr. McPherson, to be tabled in Fall 2010.
• Article on the HEPN domain structure to be tabled by Dr. Gehring in Fall 2010.
• Article on clinical and pathological characterization of the KO mice, under the supervision of Dr. Brais, to be tabled in Fall 2011.

Broadcast

• Submission of an abstract at the Keystone Symposia on Neurodegenerative Diseases : “The Molecular and Cellular Basis for Neurodegenation” in February 2011 ( Taos, Nouveau-Mexique).
• Organize a meeting of researchers on ataxias at the American Society of Human Genetics Congress to be held in Montreal in Fall 2011.

Granting Agencies

• Apply in the Fall 2010 for a grant as part of the Institut génétique des IRSC program and in partnership with the Foundation of Ataxia Charlevoix-Saguenay.

Scientific Research Objectives

Scientific Research Objectives for 2010/11

The objectives for the research project have been established for 2010-2011 for the following categories:

• Structural studies
• Cellular models and protein partners
• Studies of transgenic mice
• Organotypic models of hyppocampus and cerebellum
• Publications/Broadcast/ Granting agencies.

Structural studies

• Crystal structure of other sacsin domains.
• Cloning and molecular modeling of other domains of the sacsin.
• Identify other ligands of these domains.

Cellular models and protein partners

• Validate and study a neural model to determine the impact of reduced sacsin on cellular functions.